Thursday, 19 April 2012


Cyber play: Variation on abbreviations, emoticons, and smiley~


Definition: A shortened form of a word or phrase. P-phone, for example, is an abbreviation of Proprietary phone. Acronyms, contractions, and initialisms are special forms of abbreviations comprising the initial letters or other parts of several words that constitute a term. 

  • A great deal of communication on the Internet consists of people typing messages to one another — texting, email, and Twitter, as well as Facebook, Usenet articles, instant messaging, IRC, chat rooms, discussion groups, and so on.
  • There are also a number of widely used communication conventions that are useful to know, for example, hashtags, or the spelling words with as few characters as possible                 (r u 4 rl?). You will also encounter a lot of slang, much of which is created by young people, who have always felt the need to communicate differently from their parents.
  • In a similar vein, there are many common abbreviations and acronyms, which are used both as slang and to save time when texting or tweeting. I have collected the most important ones in the table below.
  • The Internet has always been a source of technology inspired slang. Even back in the early 1980s, Internet users had their own particular argot and abbreviations. Some of these terms eventually find their way into a more enduring part of the culture, where they are used for years by people of all ages. 
abbreviations a.k.a acronyms


# On the Net, there is a convention that, while talking, you put words that describe an emotion within angled brackets, < >, in order to set the words off from regular text.

#  You may also see asterisk characters * * used instead of < >.

facebook emoticons


# In addition to abbreviations and acronyms, you will commonly see people use a smiley. This indicates that what the person is saying should not be taken as offensive.

#  Smileys are especially useful when you want to say something sardonic, such as a devastating observation, wrought with irony, that a lesser mind might interpret as criticism.

YEAH! awesome rite?

Lists of Smileys

SITUATION: Alya loved to chat with her online friends. She has a lots of friends from all over the world. On 1 fine day, she share stories with her friends from United States like usual. But, her friends used abbreviations that she did not even understand and this has lead to misunderstanding between them. This has affected their friendship. In your opinion, abbreviation is a positive thing or negative?



  • Dropbox got its name actually from the company called Dropbox Incorporation. Dropbox is a web-based file-hosting service that helps user to store and share files or folders with others using internet.


     Benefits of Dropbox

    • Access it anywhere – save a PowerPoint in your office and then open it in the classroom, library, coffee shop, home, airport, hotel, or conference center.
    • Use it on multiple devices – backup files on your desktop and see them later on your laptop, tablet, or smartphone
    • It works across platforms – sync up a to-do list from a Windows machine and modify it on a Blackberry, Mac, Linux, iPhone, or Android device

    •  Dropbox lets you share file easily -You can easily share entire folders or photo albums with Dropbox. Simply put the folders you want to share in your Dropbox, and invite people to them. You can also send people links to specific files within your Dropbox. This makes Dropbox perfect for team projects.

    • With Dropbox,online backup is automatic -Any file you put into your Dropbox folder is automatically backed up to Dropbox servers. Even if your computer has a melt-down, your files are safe on Dropbox and can be restored at any time.  


Social Networking

Definition: A Web site that provides a virtual community for people to share their daily activities with family and friends, or to share their interest in a particular topic, or to increase their circle of acquaintances. There are dating sites, friendship sites, sites with a business purpose and hybrids that offer a combination of these.

 Members create their own online "profile" with biographical data, pictures and any other information they choose to post. They communicate with each other by making their latest thoughts public in a blog-like format or via e-mail, instant messaging, voice or videoconferencing to selected members. The service lets members find and invite other members into their personal network (to "friend" them) as well as invite friends of friend.

How It Started??

Named for "six degrees of separation," was the first social site from 1997 to 2001. It was followed in 2002 by Friendster and MySpace a year later. Started by two friends, MySpace became extremely popular, and its parent company, Intermix, was acquired by News Corporation for $580 million two years after MySpace was launched. Myspace and Friendster.

Facebook came out in 2004 targeting college students, but when it opened to everyone, it grew exponentially to become the top social site  Facebook. Two years later, Twitter was launched, and although a different approach, it created its own revolution within a short time  Twitter

Social Site Trends

1. Prospective Employees
Employers can use information on social sites to learn about prospective employees. Reading profiles and perusing photos has become standard for human resources departments in some companies. One's job search could be affected accordingly.

2. Cellphone Applications
The cellphone potential for socializing is growing all the time, and mobile features allow users to continue their experience when away from home, school or office. The GPS feature built into many smartphones adds the twist of knowing where friends are at any given moment.

3. The 21st Century Portal
Socially-established sites are becoming content-conscious. Pundits believe that in the future, all content portals will have characteristics of social networking. Moreover, beyond the sense of belonging that might be sought, people will visit these sites to be entertained or to find useful information. Social networking sites compete for attention much like the first Web portals did when the Internet exploded onto the scene in the mid-1990s. Variations are always emerging. For a list of major social sites, see social networking Web sites.

SITUATION: Victoria is a shy girl who studied in a private college. He do not have any friends since he is too scared to approach anybody. Worry about her one and only child, his mother suggest him to make friends online by using social networking sites. But, the idea was rejected by his father who afraid that he will be addicted to social networking sites. In your opinion, what are the drawbacks of over-usage of social networking sites?

social network addiction~

Monday, 16 April 2012


What is the meaning of e-learning? 

E-learning is a new education concept by using the Internet technology, it deliveries the digital content, provides a learner-orient environment for the teachers and students. The e-learning promotes the construction of life-long learning opinions and learning society.  

2 ways: Synchronous and Asynchronous
 Synchronous : In class. When learner and trainers separated by distance but meet at the same time.
  Asynchronous : When learners and trainers separated by distance and time. 

What are the Advantages of E-Learning?

Flexibility, Accessibility, Convenience

Learners can proceed through a training program "at their own pace and at their own place." They can also access the e-Learning course at any time, and only as much as they need. This is also known as "Just in time and just enough."

Cross-platform Support

E-Learning courses are accessible by Web browsers on any platform: Windows, Mac, UNIX, OS/2, Amiga, etc. You can deliver your training program to any machine over the Internet or intranet without having to author a program specifically for each platform.

Browsers and Internet Connections are Widely Available

Most computer users have access to a browser, such as Netscape or Internet Explorer, and are connected to a company's intranet and/or have access to the Internet.

Inexpensive Worldwide Distribution

No separate distribution mechanism is needed. E-Learning courses are accessible from any computer anywhere in the world, which keeps delivery costs low.

Ease of Updates

After the e-Learning course is released, any changes can be made on the server hosting the program and everyone worldwide can instantly access the update. Courses can be designed to access designated current information, such as the latest new product specifications, from any other server worldwide for an on-the-fly update whenever the e-Learning course is run.

Savings in Travel Cost and Time

There are no travel costs for bringing remote employees to a centralized workshop because the Web is available from all desktops. According to some analysts, the actual time required for training by computer averages about 50% to that of instructor-led training, further saving money.



Nowadays, people tend to surf the net everyday as they have clear purpose of doing it. Whether they want to get information regarding something, to get updated with the worlds' news and just to be in touch with their loveliest one. 

As for students, it is essential for us to use the internet to seek for information that could help us in our studies. By using the internet, we can gain any information that we want but sometimes the information seems to be unsuitable or inappropriate or even did not answer our inquiries.

This maybe happen as we did not using the correct way to browse for information in the internet. There are actually the right way on how to surf the net~


  • Primary Reason: To search specific information ( text, pictures, music & videos)
  • Surfing the net :Users browse through web, looking for topics/ things that users interested with. 
  • Users used browser to visit websites by using web address and search engines.                                                                                                                                                                           
    is this you? :p

    What are the tools needed to surf the web?

    network interface card (NIC)

    internet service provider

Web Browser: software program used to access the World Wide Web.

Google Chrome, Internet Explorer & Firefox Mozilla

Safari& Opera ( for Mac OS)


  1. .com : commercial website
  2. .net : network website
  3. .org : non-profit organization
  4. .edu :  educational website
  5. .gov : government website                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             What is the Domain Name System?
    The Domain Name System (DNS) helps users to find their way around the Internet. Every computer on the Internet has a unique address – just like a telephone number – which is a rather complicated string of numbers. It is called its "IP address" (IP stands for "Internet Protocol"). 


    # use keyword rather than sentences
    # use double quote " " 
    # use + sign
    # use AND & AND NOT word
    # use OR
    # use alternatives
    # use wildcard *